Bitter experience that is felt by the Quraysh in the battle of Badr has left deep wounds nan painful. Imagine, though their numbers were much larger and more adequate supplies of their war, but it turns out they have to bear the loss of material is not small.
And the more painful they are their loss leaders. The pain of this, coupled with a determination to restore the prestige of the Quraysh tribe that has been torn in the Battle of Badr, encouraging them to do acts of revenge against the Muslims. So there was some war after the Battle of Badr. Battle of Uhud was among the war caused a massive fire this revenge. Called the battle of Uhud because this war is raging near the mountain of Uhud. A mountain with a height of 128 meters at the time, whereas now only 121 meters altitude. This hill is located north of Medina with a distance of 5.5 km from Masjid Nabawi.
Sirah Experts agree that this war occurred in the third year of hijrah Messenger Syawwal Salallahu 'Allaah be upon to Medina. But they disagree about the day. The most famous opinion states that this war took place on Saturday, mid-Syawwal.
CAUSES OF WAR
In addition to the war was triggered by a fire revenge as mentioned at the beginning, there are also other causes which not less importantly, the mission of saving their business lines into Syria from the Muslims who are considered often disturbing. They also hope to wipe out the Muslims strength before becoming a force to fear it would threaten the existence of Quraish.
Here's some motivation behind the attacks performed by the Quraysh against the Muslims in Medina.
Early Quraysh had prepared their troops. Merchandise and profits generated by Abu Sufyan and his entourage who survived the attack the Muslims devoted to stock their troops in the battle of Uhud. For the success of their mission in this battle of Uhud, the Quraish managed to collect three thousand troops consisting of the Quraish and the tribes loyal to the Quraish as Bani Kinanah and Tihamah population. They have 200 and 700 cavalry troops who wear armor. They appoint Khalid ibn al-Walid as commander of the right wing, while left wing under the command of Abu Jahl bin Ikrimah.
They also invited several women to evoke the spirit of Quraish troops and keep them in order not to run away. For if there is an escape, he would be reproached by these women. About the number of these women, the Experts disagree sirah. Ibn Ishaq says that the number of their rahimahullah 8 people, al-Waqidi rahimahullah said 14 people, while Ibn Sa'd rahimahullah mentions 15 women.
DREAM Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam
Before this war broke out, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam shown events that will happen in this war through dreams. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam told this dream to his friend. He is the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam said:
"I dreamed then swung his sword broken sword tip. It was (cue-important life), the calamities that befall the Muslims in the Battle of Uhud. Then I swung the sword again and then the sword was good again, better than ever. It was (cue-important life) that Allah Ta'ala bestowed victory and unity of the Muslims. In the dream I also saw the cow-And what was God doing it is the best-It (cue) against the Muslims (who are victims) in the battle of Uhud. Kindness is a virtue that Allah Ta'ala bestowed and reward honesty that Allah Almighty blessed after the battle of Badr ".
Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam menakwilkan dream he is with the defeat and death will happen in the battle of Uhud.
When knowing the arrival of Quraish to invade the Muslims in Medina, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam asked the Sahaba deliberation to take best action. Are they still living in Medina wait and greet the enemy in the city of Madinah or whether they will meet the enemy outside Medina?
Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam survive tend to invite the Companions in Medina and urban warfare, but a group of the Ansar radhiallahu'anhum said,
"O Nabiyullâh! In fact we hate fighting in the city of Medina. At the time of ignorance we have tried to avoid war (in town), then after Islam we are more entitled to avoid it. Cegatlah them (outside Madinah)! "
Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam preparing to depart. He was wearing armor and all the equipment of war. After realizing the situation, the Friends of blaming each other. Finally, they said:
"Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam offer something, but you asked the other. O Hamza, see Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam and say, "We follow the opinion". "
Radhiallahu'anhu Hamza came to see the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam and said,' Messenger of Allah, true followers blame each other and finally said, 'We followed your advice. "Hearing these words, he's uncle, the Prophet Salallahu' Allaah be upon said:
'Indeed, if a Prophet was wearing his war equipment, then he would not take it off until there were wars'.
Consensus decision is facing the enemy outside the city of Medina. Ibn Ishaq rahimahullah and others say that 'Abdullah ibn Salûl agree with the opinion of the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wasallam to stay in Medina. While at-Tabari bring history as opposed to the history of Ibn Ishaq rahimahullah, but in which both chains have accused person and often make mistakes. Therefore, al-Bâkiri in his thesis further strengthen the history that was delivered by Ibn Ishaq rahimahullah.
The Ulema sirah Experts say that what motivated the Sahaba to meet the enemy outside Medina namely the desire to show their courage in the face of the enemy, nor the desire to take part in jihad, because they do not get a chance to take part in the Battle of Badr.
Meanwhile, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam would prefer to stay and survive in Medina, because he wanted to take advantage of the buildings of Medina and take advantage of people who lived in Medina.