Firaun1Kisah about the Miracles of the Prophet Musa (Moses), which divides the Red Sea with his staff to escape pursuit by Pharaoh and his armies must have been no stranger to our ears. In the holy book Quran and the Bible, the chronology of persecution is told so vividly even though there is little perberbedaan diatara story both. But certainly, these two scriptures are telling us about an exciting end to Moses and The Children of Israel as it can get away from the pursuit of Pharaoh and his army. And for the Pharaoh, he would meet his death after drowning in the Red Sea with his troops.
Although the Koran and the Bible is clear enough chronology tells it happened, but there are still a puzzle as to who actually Pharaoh who led the pursuit of Moses and the Children of Israel? Al-Quran and the Bible does not mention in detail who the Pharaoh in question.
Pharaoh (Pharaoh) is the title given to the kings of ancient Egypt. The origin of the term actually refers to the name of Pharaoh's palace where the indwelling of a king, but a long time - eventually used as the title of the kings of ancient Egypt. Many of the Pharaoh who had led the civilization which is famous for its penginggalan Pyramid of Khufu, the start of King Menes, around 3000 BC, the founder of the kingdom, uniting the Egyptian upstream and downstream - to Egypt fell under the leadership of the kings of Persia.
So far many studies have been conducted to identify the Pharaoh who was in office when the events of Moses and the Israelites out of Egypt. Here are some candidates:
* Ahmose I (1550 BC - 1525 BC)
* Thutmose I (1506 BC - 1493 BC)
* Thutmose II (1494 BC - 1479 BC)
* Thutmose III (1479 BC - 1425 BC)
* Amenhotep II (1427 BC - 1401 BC)
* Amenhotep IV (1352 BC - 1336 BC)
* Horemheb (about 1319 BC - 1292 BC)
* Ramesses I (around 1292 BC - 1290 BC)
* Seti I (around 1290 BC - 1279 BC)
* Ramesses II (1279 BC - 1213 BC)
* Merneptah (1213 BC - 1203 BC)
* Amenmesse (1203 BC - 1199 BC)
* Setnakhte (1190 BC - 1186 BC)
From the above list of several pharaohs, Ramesses II name for this is often identified as the Pharaoh who was ruling at the time. It is the largest and most powerful Pharaoh figure who once led the ancient Egyptian civilization. Ramesses II is also one of the longest ruling Pharaoh, which is 66 years old.
Its sometimes tyranny against the lower classes of society, create many historians who speculate by saying he was a king who enslaved the Israelites. However, there is no archaeological evidence which actually strengthens the allegation. In addition, the period of his life are also said to be compatible with the possibility of output events.
Glimpse into the King Merneptah - son of Ramesses II - who ruled after Ramesses II died, he was also not a Pharaoh who is considering in his reign, Merneptah once said that the people of Israel have arrived in the land of Canaan. That means, events out of Moses and the Israelites had occurred long before he was in power.
And what about the Seti I, father of Ramesses II? However, Bible historians say this output event occurred around 1400 BC, it's far from the reign of Seti I.
Some historians who use the research method by matching the chronology in the records of ancient Egyptian relics with an estimated output of time on the holy book concludes, it is likely the incident happened when the ancient Egyptian kings under the leadership of the 18th Dynasty.
The 18th Dynasty includes several kings, namely Thutmose I (1506 BC - 1493 BC), Thutmose II (1494 BC - 1479 BC), interspersed by the leadership of Queen Hatsepsut female Pharaoh (1479 BC -1458 BC) and Thutmose III ( 1479 BC - 1425 BC).
Pharaoh Thutmose II justify that sank in the Red Sea?
Relief Thutmose II
According to a study conducted by the historian Alan Gardiner, after the death of Thutmose I and the period during the 40-year sojourn in Midian / Midian, Moses decided to return to Egypt where he grew up. God commissioned Moses to deliver the essential teachings of religion to the Pharaoh. At that time, Egypt was led by King Thutmose II who marry Queen Hatshepsut.
Thutmose II, according to history is not that great figure of Pharaoh, Hatshepsut's a lot opposite his wife was instrumental to the advancement of the kingdom. Although not an influential figure of the leader who said, Gardiner still believes Thutmose II was the strongest candidate pharaohs who did the pursuit of Moses and the Israelites. That's because the number of matches with the study of history which he did.
Garnier also adding that in the tomb where the mummy indwelling of Thutmose II, almost can not find ornaments and precious things "fancy" tombs of the kings of ancient Egypt the other. There is the impression that the king was not so beloved and respected by his people, so they do not care about the death of the King. In addition, sudden death is also one of the reasons.
Research on the mummy of Thutmose II was found at the site of Deir el-Bahri in 1881 revealed that there are many injury marks on his body, and his mummy was found not in good condition. This may indicate Thutmose II died unnaturally. Is it due to injuries on his body blows of the Red Sea wave power suddenly closed again? And Allaah 'natural Bishawab
Al-Quran itself tells the final seconds of the life of the Pharaoh:
We took the Children of Israel across the sea, and they were followed by the Pharaoh and his armies, that they might persecute and oppress (them); until when Pharaoh had been nearly drowned he said: "I believe that there is no god but God trusted by the Children of Israel, and I am among those who have surrendered (to Allah). " (Surah Yunus 90).
From the above verses we can know that Pharaoh tried to plead with God for he was saved when the water mengenggelamkan herself. But it is clear Praise be to Allaah Pharaoh action is just a lie merely as an excuse to save himself from death.
After the Pharaoh was killed in a relatively short period of his administration, most likely the way the wheels of government was taken over temporarily by the Queen that no other before it is Hatshepsut Thutmose III ascended the throne.
If true Thutmose II was the Pharaoh in question, there is a chronology of its history into such possibilities:
First, Moses was raised in the environment kingdom ruled Egypt during Thutmose I, Thutmose I and wife who found the infant Moses in the Nile while drifting.
Second, the lapse of tens of years after Moses fled from Egypt because of the threat of a death sentence resulting from the incident to her royal murder of a soldier, he returned to convey the teachings of God to Pharaoh. But at that moment may be Thutmose I was dead and replaced by his son Thutmose II.
Thutmose II mummy
Thutmose II mummy
Why Pharaoh Thutmose II Believed In The Sink in the Red Sea, while its Own Success mummy found?
Above questions are often asked. Those who ask mostly assume that the Pharaoh's body can not be found especially in the form of mummy, because it has sunk in the Red Sea with his army.
For those fellows Muslims, the Qur'an tells us as follows:
Are you now (you just believe), when in fact you have been rebellious since the first, and you're among those who do mischief. So this day We save your body so that you can be a lesson for people who come sesudahmu and actually most of the people unaware of the signs of the power of We. (Surah Yunus 91-92).
Of course the above paragraph is enough to explain why God deliberately save the bodies of the pharaohs